Stay connected and informed with additional available resources.
Information on UN Millennium Development Goals
(Operation Incubation focuses on Goal #4, Reduce Child Mortality)
Update on Millenium Development Goals from 2013
Excerpt: A growing proportion of child deaths occur at or around the time of birth, a clear sign that child survival efforts must focus on the precarious first month of life. Over the past two decades, mortality in children under five has declined by 2.5 per cent a year, compared to the much slower rate of 1.8 per cent a year for newborns in their first month. As a result, the share of neonatal deaths among under-five mortality worldwide has grown from about 36 per cent in 1990 to 43 per cent in 2011.
WHO study on incubators
Excerpt from study: Hypothermia occurs commonly in newborn infants, primarily as a result of the physiological transition from the relatively warmer uterine environment to life outside the uterus. The incidence of hypothermia has been shown to be inversely related to the gestational age and body weight of the infant (1): the prevalence rises from 29% at the 10th minute of life to 83% at the 60th minute of life (2). One study in Uganda found that up to 85% of babies hospitalized in the country had hypothermia (3), which can cause morbidities like hypoglycaemia, acidosis and sclerema and can be a factor in specific disease conditions like asphyxia, septicaemia and intra-cranial haemorrhage
Levels & Trends in Child Mortality Report – 2013
by UN Inter-agency Group
Statistics on Child Mortality by Unicef
– Since 1990, 216 million children have died before their fifth birthday — more than the current total population of Brazil, the world’s fifth most populous country. The highest rates of child mortality are still in sub-Saharan Africa, with an under-five mortality rate of 98 deaths per 1,000 live births—more than 15 times the average for developed regions.
– The proportion of under-five deaths that occur within the first month of life (the neonatal period) has increased 19 percent since 1990, from 37 percent to 44 percent, because declines in the neonatal mortality rate are slower than those in the mortality rate for older children.
Websites to check out for more information:
- http://data.un.org (UN database)
- http://www.unicef.org/statistics/index_countrystats.html (stats by country)
- http://unstats.un.org/unsd/mdg/Default.aspx (UN Millennium Development Goals Indicators)